This khaganate obtained enormous deliveries of silk from Tang China in exchange for horses, in turn relying on the Sogdians to sell much of this silk further west. At Zhetysu , Sogdian gilded bronze plaques on a Buddhist temple show a pairing of a male and female deity with outstretched hands holding a miniature camel , a common non-Buddhist image similarly found in the paintings of Samarkand and Panjakent.

Persia's massive loss of Central Asian territory is widely attributed to the ruler's lack of control. Subsequent to their domination by Alexander the Great, the Sogdians from the city of Marakanda Samarkand became dominant as traveling merchants, occupying a key position along the ancient Silk Road.

Powered by HRS logo. Oxford University Press, p 67—8.